- Scientific Name
- Family Chamaeleonidae; Chamaeleo jacksonii and Chamaeleo calyptratus
- 5 - 7 Years
- Up to 45 cm (18") long
- Temperate, arboreal
- Jackson’s Chameleon: Kenya and Tanzania; Veiled Chameleon: mountainous regions of Yemen, United Arab Emirates, and Saudi Arabia
Chameleons don’t change colour to match their surroundings, but some species can change their colour when excited, stressed or communicating. Their eyes even move independently from each other, allowing them to watch two things at once. And they have opposable toes on all four feet making them great climbers—key for life in the trees.
Chameleons are found in a range of environments, from humid rain forests to dry deserts. Make sure the conditions are right for your variety of Chameleon. Decorate your pet’s habitat with artificial plants, branches and rocks. The perfect habitat is spacious and well-ventilated, with a screened lid to keep your pet safe.
Chameleons are most active during the day, so use a daytime UVA/UVB ultraviolet bulb switched on for 10–12 hours a day. Want to know what they’re up to at night? Find out without disturbing their natural sleep cycle by switching to a night-specific bulb in the off hours.
Reptiles' body temperatures are controlled by their environment, so you’ll need a high-wattage heat bulb for basking by day and a heat-emitting rock for nighttime. Two thermometers in the habitat will help maintain a warm zone 29–35 °C (85–95 °F) and a cool one 21–27 °C (70–80 °F).
Chameleons don’t lap water from a bowl like other pets, so daily misting is critical to provide drinking water and humidity. Always use warm water, as misting can drop the temperature of your pet’s habitat dramatically. Watch your Chameleon lick moisture droplets from leaves, branches and even its skin.
Chameleons eat insects, like crickets, mealworms, and waxworms. Many species, such as the Veiled Chameleon, are omnivores, and also like to eat leaves and flowers. Feed your Chameleons only as much as they will eat in a day. And twice a week, dust the insects you feed to your pet with calcium powder and multivitamin to ensure a balanced diet.