- Scientific Name
- Cavia porcellus
- 5–8 years
- Up to 25 cm (10”) long
- Social; mostly active in the morning and evening
- South America
Guinea Pigs make great companions! They’re fun to care for and will quickly bond with you and other Pet Parents in the household. Their teeth never stop growing, so always provide chew toys, hay and wood chews to gnaw on. Guinea Pigs don’t produce vitamin C on their own and need it supplemented in their diet to stay healthy.
Guinea Pigs need a large habitat with a solid floor and room enough for a food dish, water bottle, bedding, and a hiding spot. A two-level habitat is best to facilitate exercise since Guinea Pigs won’t run in a wheel like hamsters. They can become lonely without constant companionship, so two Guinea Pigs are better than one.
Because their teeth grow continuously, Guinea Pigs always need access to hay, wood chews, treat sticks, and other things to prevent serious health issues that can arise from overgrown teeth. They also need regular exercise and mental stimulation.
Guinea Pigs are active during the day and need exercise and social time with you outside the habitat. Keep them safe and away from electrical cords inside a Guinea Pig playpen. They can be shy at first, but will develop intense affection for their Pet Parents and may whistle to signal happiness, hunger or thirst.
Choose Guinea Pig food that includes pellets fortified with vitamin C. Unlike other small pets, these animals cannot produce vitamin C so it’s critical to supplement their food with this vitamin. Hay makes up 75% of a Guinea Pig’s diet and should be available all times. Fruits and greens make great healthy special treats.